Weekly Reads – Mar 20

Improving the peer review process: a proposed market system – Currently, reviewers do not receive any compensation given the amount of work they have to do. This is bad for science as well because papers do not get reviewed properly/fast enough. Creating a market system for the review process for better incentivization of both authors and reviewers might improve the process.

Federal funding of doctoral recipients: What can be learned from linked data – New datasets are always exciting. Researchers in this study propose linking a huge dataset on university payrolls with another huge survey about PhD graduates. It would be interesting to see how other researchers will use data to understand innovation, basic research, career development to name a few.

Universities and open innovation: the determinants of network centrality – Universities that are located centrally in their university-industry networks are also in better position to generate spinoffs and conduct projects with external funding.

The fragmentation of biopharmaceutical innovation – The pharma industry is not consolidating as much as expected, with smaller firms playing big roles. Commentary by the blog in the pipeline here.

Laboratory Nightmares

Browsing the Grad school subreddit, there was a post by the user EvilCalamari about creating a science lab version of Kitchen Nightmares. If you are not familiar with this, it’s a reality tv show by the famous chef Gordon Ramsey where he goes to failing restaurants and shreds these establishments’ bad practices. The show is quite educational as it shows the common mistakes that would-be restaurateurs make – from dirty kitchens to inefficient systems.

With so many controversies in the scientific world, there are countless settings that such a show could explore. There’s sloppy science involving incorrect citations in papers and labs that are so badly managed that it would sound OSHA’s alarms. There’s of course deliberate misconduct from fabricating data to plagiarisms.

The question though is who can be the Gordon Ramsay of the scientific world?

Weekly Reads – Mar 13

This week seems to be a special one for the field of entrepreneurship, with some publications on the merits of studying it from an academic perspective such as this one A wakeup call for the field of entrepreneurship and its evaluators

Has the Concept of Opportunities Been Fruitful in the Field of Entrepreneurship? – In line with the previous one, this reflects on the concept of opportunities which has always been in the same conversation with entrepreneurship. I have not been able to access the article despite various searchers but I’m sure that it touches on the perennial question on whether opportunities are created or discovered. I find this discussion fascinating because by itself, entrepreneurship research is already too scholarly. Going one step backwards and reflecting on such philosophical questions, perhaps pushes this even further.

Firm Strategic Behavior and the Measurement of Knowledge Flows with Patent Citations –  Ever since I got into bibliometrics, citations have been fascinating. Instead of just a measure of paper’s worth and knowledge flow, citations also reflect other subtle things such as informal ties, cliques and prestige. In this paper, the researchers looked at patent citations and explores how it does not only reflect knowledge flow but also other other factors including firm strategy and intellectual property regime.

Predicting citation counts based on deep neural network learning techniques – in the theme apply neural networks to everything, in this paper, the researchers aimed to predict citation counts of papers. This makes me wonder whether we could reverse the process one day and design an AI that can output papers according to an input citation count.

Optimal Distinctiveness, Strategic Categorization, and Product Market Entry on the Google Play App Platform – optimal distinctiveness is really taking the management literature by storm. It will probably be the next open innovation or absorptive capacity with the growth in publications about it such as this one looking at app success.

Path analysis with Pajek

Recently, there was an article in Scientometrics about main path analysis by Liu et al. It’s supposed to help trace the development path of a scientific or technological field. Before hearing this, I was just being content with the capabilities of CitNetExplorer in showing the trends in my field of interest. However, after reading the technique’s capabilities. I was quite intrigued as it may make analyzing the overarching trend in a field of interest simpler to visualize. The only problem is that there is really no tutorial on how to do it. The only thing I found was this youtube video using Pajek, which honestly was not very informative. To add to that, I did not have experience with Pajek, and with its very intimidating interface, I really had to tinker with it. Nonetheless, after playing with it, I hacked my way into generating my own main path analysis plots.

In the following, I will explain the process. Note that I do not have much experience with Pajek so there might be easier ways to do it.

Overview

The workflow I engineered was this (more explanation in the coming days):

  1. Download articles from Web of Knowledge
  2. Import articles to CitNetExplorer
  3. Export the citation network file from CitNetExplorer
  4. Reformat the file into a Pajek .net file
  5. Import Pajek net file to Pajek
  6. Run Network -> Acyclic Network  -> Create Weighted Network + Vector -> Trasversal Weights -> Search Path Link Count (SPLC). Note that you can choose others weights such as SPC and SPNP. In the article above however, they recommended SPLC as they said that it somehow reflects how knowledge diffuse in real life.
  7. Run Network -> Acyclic Network  -> Create (Sub)Network  -> Main Paths -> Global Search -> Key-Route
  8. Enter an arbitrary number of routes. I tried 1-50.
  9. Run Draw -> Network
  10. Run Layout -> Kamada Kawai -> Fix first and last vertex

Results

This is a sample map for the field of Fragment-based drug discovery.

 

[In progress. Updates in the coming days]

Weekly Reads – Mar 6

The age at which Noble Prize research is conducted – Spoiler alert: It’s 44

Zero impact: a large-scale study of uncitedness – It’s common knowledge that a large number of scientific articles do not get cited, from this article around 20-30%. This article breaks down the level of uncitedness per subject and article type. This begs the question, if a tree falls in a forest and no one is around to hear it, does it make a sound?

How optimal distinctiveness affects new ventures’ failure risk: A contingency perspective – I really am fond of this topic optimal distinctiveness. In this study, they looked at metal bands and how much distinct they can be with their mix of sub-genres. They show that optimal distinctiveness is relevant to the failure risk of new ventures.

Is Elsevier helping or hurting scientific progress? – Fascinating podcast opening a dialogue between a scientist in Elsevier and an advocate of open science. I like how the host Julia and the participants tried to see each other’ perspective and not only discredit each other. Personally, I adore Elsevier and how it is moving towards more of a service company than a traditional journal publishing one.

Asking SkyNet Management Questions

The past week there has been a lot of fuss over the release of a language model by OpenAI which was supposed to be the most advanced yet. There is a lot of discussion online too because of the team’s decision to not release the full version of the model, afraid that it will be misused by Russian trolls, Chinese spies or whatever. Nonetheless, the partial model has been available for researchers to tinker with. To make things more convenient, there has also been an online implementation to skip the troubles of having to install the model on my computer.

I played with it to try to find out if it would help me write my doctoral dissertation. Maybe not, but at least give me some inspiration. These are my queries followed by the model’s continuation:

Prompt: Absorptive capacity is important for firms to gain competitive advantage.

A high birth rate reduces labor size relative to that in the United States (approximately 2.5 births per woman per 100 that would be generated in the United States in 2025) by the same method that causes individual WL to lag the rest of the world as a comparable technology (James and Wilcox 2005; Steuber and Turnbull 2006). Moreover, this concept establishes that WL may very well be a competitive advantage in conduct metrics secondary to WL. Thus, in conclusion, an incomplete equilibrium system often poses the problem of generating the next big PBE, ready for limiting these situations…

Prompt: To create disruptive innovations, companies should…

not work in the present day and if they do: “We’re not picking those lines for half-measures. ” Trust Poopmakers, Congress The hard law enforcement obligation imposed by the U. S. government on startups and small businesses should be absolute, followed by the next step. However, the United States should not violate copyright as being without regard to collateral damage and even have some credentials as a custodian of such equivalent works. Counterproductive courts should inquire into the bill from both sides and pass amendments for the immediate reporting of the U. S. to the American people…

The results have been disappointing unfortunately. We are not yet at a point that doctoral students can be replaced by actual robot slaves.

Weekly Reads – Feb 25

This week was a little slow for interesting management articles. I’ll just add fascinating podcast episodes and discussions from the web.

Scientific novelty and technological impact – Tries to find the connection between the novelty of scientific publications and technological impact through resulting patents. Novelty was related to how new the mix of journals referenced in the paper is. Surprise surprise, the highly novel scientific advances result to novel patents.

 The Role of Individual and Organizational Expertise in the Adoption of New Practices – Study at the interface of cognitive psychology and organizational sciences exploring how expertise at the individual and organizational level affect the diffusion of practices within an organization. They find that individuals who have gained expertise through deliberate practice not only adopt new practices faster themselves but also influence their  colleagues to adopt.

Sam Altman’s interview on Conversations with Tyler – As a researcher of entrepreneurship, I find his take that he can judge the potential of a would-be entrepreneur fascinating.  To quote:

These personality traits of determination and communication and the ability to articulate a vision for the world and explain how you’re going to get that done — I used to think that that was so hard to assess in 10 minutes, it was maybe impossible to try, and YC interviews used to be like an hour. I now think that most of the time, we could get it right in five minutes.

Reddit thread on unemployed PhDs – While rants about how difficult the academic market are not new, it seems like this post has gotten more traction than usual. My opinion is that like any other track in life, one should not only consider whether they are passionate about it but also look at the financial viability of such pursuits.

Weekly Reads – Feb 17

These are my interesting reads from this week.

Large teams develop and small teams disrupt science and technology – An extensive study trying to understand what makes disruptive science. It looks at  millions of patents, publications and Github repositories to show that small teams are much more disruptive compared to larger ones.

How do Big Bang Disruptors look like? A Business Model perspective – Management researchers making careers out of new terms. Kidding aside, once you get past this, it is an interesting study exploring the mix of ingredients commonly found in successful unicorns

Patent policy and American innovation after eBay: An empirical examination – Was not aware of this 2006 court case before between eBay and MercExchange. The ruling was supposed to change the dynamics of innovation in the US, by “weakening” IP rights. The authors did not find evidence though that this was the case. Just shows how much unpredictable systems can be.

Analysing the theoretical roots of technology emergence: an evolutionary perspective – Emergence has always been a fascinating topic in technology management. In this paper, they look at how this concept diffused from the disciplines of philosophy of science, complexity theory, and evolutionary economics and has evolved since then in the technology studies paradigm.

 

Public Speaking

As an aspiring academic, I know that it is important to be able to communicate my research not only to colleagues but also to the society at large. To improve my public speaking, I have signed up in a Toastmaster club. A few months ago, I challenged myself to describe my PhD topic in such a way that the general public would understand.

 

 

Weekly Reads – Feb 10

Interesting management reads from the previous week

Beyond the matrix: Visual methods for qualitative network research – collecting network data for qualitative studies

Foundations of entrepreneurial strategy – how do entrepreneurs decide which strategy to pursue

Strategic choice in universities: Managerial agency and effective technology transfer – why technology transfer is not as simple as investing in the support infrastructure

The emergence of the maker movement: Implications for entrepreneurship research – the maker movement as an interesting laboratory to study various aspects of entrepreneurship